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14

identification: Manual Straw Bale Press
type: unknown
country of origin: Czechoslovakia
manufacturer: Josefa Šeda, Továrna na hospodářské stroje v Dobrušce
dimensions: 2600x1500x1500mm 
weight: 400 kg
years of production: unknown
   

Hand presses appeared around the middle of the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, they were introduced throughout Bohemia and Moravia, especially on larger farms due to the expansion of the thresher. Presses replaced the unpleasant and tiring work of pressing the straw by trampling. Along with the progressive mechanization of the harvest, the number of presses grew rapidly. The casing of the baler is filled with hay, then the hand levers act simultaneously on the ratchet mechanism, the lower casing is raised and the hay or straw is pressed. The presented press was produced by the Josef Šed - Továrna company for hospodářské stroje in Dobruška. The company was founded in 1895 and disappeared due to the nationalization of enterprises in 1948.