National Museum of Agriculture
Visit the Museum of Food and Agricultural Machinery
The Ostrava branch of the National Agricultural Museum offers exhibitions dedicated to food and agricultural machinery. We present regional agricultural and food traditions.
In 2019 the museum opened a new exhibition in Dolní Vítkovice. The original rail car servicing plant of the Vítkovice ironworks and the warehouse of refractory material, which are closely tied to the Hlubina Mine, were converted into a depository and exhibition building of the National Museum of Agriculture. The designers of the architectural solution to restore both halls, including the installation of a study depository are Josef Pleskot and Milan Šraml.
Financial backing from the EU is provided for IROP projects.
After the museum was relocated here, it’s open study depository makes a part of its unique collection of historical agricultural technology accessible to visitors, while it opens simultaneously an interactive Food exhibition focusing not only on the quality of Czech food, but also on its ingredients, variety, processing technology and other connections.
Project for the Depository and Exhibition Building of the NMA in Ostrava
Characteristics of the Project
The place of implementation of the presented project is Ostrava, more precisely the attractive location of the Lower Vítkovice district.
The project concerns two buildings (the original rail car servicing plant of the Vítkovice ironworks and the warehouse of refractory material), which, until 1997, were used as technical facilities for the maintenance of blast furnaces and now serve as warehouses. The two existing buildings are located in the Ostrava–Vítkovice urban conservation zone, however, this is not a national heritage site or a cultural monument. After reconstruction, the museum will be relocated here, and its open study depository will make a part of its unique collection of historical agricultural technology accessible to visitors, while it will simultaneously open an interactive Food exhibition focusing not only on the quality of Czech food, but also on its ingredients, variety, processing technology and other connections.
Aims of the Project
The main aim of the presented project is to improve conditions for storage, presentation and security of collection funds of the National Museum of Agriculture, in particular the following sub-collections: Transport and Energy Sources, Plant Production II, Food Production, Forestry and Photo Archives.
The implementation of the project will therefore lead to:
- a significant improvement of conditions for the storage of collection items in depositories,
- expansion of the possible presentations of the museum’s collection items for visitors (a dynamic food exhibition, a study depository and agricultural technology),
- access to exhibitions for visitors with limited mobility (the building will be wheelchair accessible),
- security of collection items, primarily with regard to fire protection, protection of collection items against alienation, protection against unwanted entry of persons onto the premises, and protection against unauthorised manipulation.
The specified aim of the project is in full compliance with specified aim 3.1 – Streamlining presentations, strengthening protection, and the development of cultural heritage, which is established by the IROP.
Problems which the Implementation of the Project Should Resolve
The main problem which the implementation of the project intends to resolve is the unsuitable condition or even state of disrepair of the depository buildings, in which collection items from the sub-collections Transport and Energy Sources, Plant Production II – put more simply, agricultural technology – combine harvesters, tractors, seeders, etc., are stored.
At present, these collection items are located at the depository in Čáslav. This is the site of a former military base and hall (today a depository), originally designed for the storage of military technology and materials, or for their repair. Some of the halls are not supplied with electricity. None of the depositories are fitted with heating, and relative humidity is not regulated.
Other, less serious problems which the project aims to address include the very poor accessibility to the Čáslav premises for visitors. The number of visitors to the Čáslav branch is in the region of 10,000 a year. The collections presented here are often unique. This is one of the reasons why the location for the construction of the new depository for the collection items mentioned above was considered very carefully while preparing the project. The Lower Vítkovice district therefore seems to be the optimal solution (excellent road and rail access, location in a border region, etc.). Furthermore, no state-founded museum is as yet located in Ostrava, the third largest city in the Czech Republic.
Last but not least, there is a problem which will be resolved once the project has been implemented with the creation of a dynamic food exhibition. At present, the theme of food has not been presented in the Czech Republic in a comprehensive manner.
Planned end of the project:
Ivan Berger, Director of the Ostrava branch, phone: +420 776 137 144
office: Odboje 1941/1, +420 702 00, Ostrava – Moravská Ostrava